How Much Will My Taxes Be in 2018?

As the year comes to a close, many individuals and businesses begin to think about their tax obligations for the year. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, passed in December 2017, brought significant changes to the tax code, leaving many wondering how much they can expect to pay in taxes for 2018.

Determining your tax liability for 2018 can be a complex task, as it depends on various factors such as your filing status, income, deductions, and credits. However, here are some key points to consider:

1. Tax Brackets: The tax brackets for 2018 have changed, with lower rates for most individuals. The highest income tax rate is now 37%, down from the previous 39.6%. The brackets are adjusted for inflation, so it is important to consult the IRS guidelines to determine your specific tax rate.

2. Standard Deduction: The standard deduction has nearly doubled for most taxpayers. For single filers, it increased from $6,350 to $12,000, and for married couples filing jointly, it went up from $12,700 to $24,000. This means that many taxpayers will no longer need to itemize deductions, simplifying the process for many.

3. Personal Exemptions: The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act eliminated personal exemptions for 2018. In previous years, taxpayers could claim a set amount for themselves, their spouse, and dependents, which reduced their taxable income. However, the increase in the standard deduction aims to compensate for this change.

4. Child Tax Credit: The child tax credit has been expanded, with the maximum credit increasing from $1,000 to $2,000 per qualifying child. Additionally, the income limits for eligibility have been raised, allowing more families to benefit from this credit.

See also  How Long Can You Go Without Filing Your Taxes

5. State and Local Taxes: The deduction for state and local taxes (SALT) has been capped at $10,000 for 2018. This means that taxpayers can only deduct up to $10,000 in state income taxes, property taxes, and sales taxes combined.

6. Mortgage Interest Deduction: The mortgage interest deduction has also been modified. For mortgages taken out after December 15, 2017, taxpayers can only deduct interest on up to $750,000 of qualified residence loans, down from the previous $1 million limit.

7. Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT): The AMT threshold has been significantly increased, which means that fewer taxpayers will be subject to this additional tax. The exemption amounts for the AMT have also been raised, offering relief to many individuals and families.

8. Pass-Through Business Deduction: For owners of pass-through businesses, such as sole proprietorships, partnerships, and S-corporations, a new deduction has been introduced. This allows qualifying taxpayers to deduct up to 20% of their qualified business income, subject to certain limitations and restrictions.


1. How can I estimate my tax liability for 2018?
To estimate your tax liability, gather your income and deduction information and use a tax calculator or consult a tax professional.

2. Will I benefit from the increased standard deduction?
If your itemized deductions are lower than the new standard deduction, you will likely benefit from the increased standard deduction.

3. Can I still claim deductions for mortgage interest and property taxes?
Yes, you can still claim deductions for mortgage interest and property taxes, but the limits have been modified.

4. How do the changes affect self-employed individuals?
Self-employed individuals can benefit from the pass-through business deduction, reducing their taxable income.

See also  If My Salary Is 70000 How Much Tax

5. Will the changes affect my state tax return?
While federal tax changes don’t directly impact state tax returns, some states may conform their tax laws to the federal changes, so it’s important to check with your state’s tax authority.

6. Are capital gains tax rates affected?
There have been no significant changes to capital gains tax rates for 2018.

7. Can I still contribute to retirement accounts?
Yes, you can still contribute to retirement accounts, such as IRAs and 401(k)s, with some contribution limits adjusted for inflation.

8. When do I need to file my tax return for 2018?
The deadline to file your tax return for 2018 is April 15, 2019, unless you file for an extension.

As tax laws can be complex and subject to change, it is advisable to consult a qualified tax professional or utilize IRS resources to determine your specific tax liability for 2018.

Leave a Reply