How to Calculate Property Taxes in Texas

Property taxes are an essential part of homeownership in Texas, as they contribute to the funding of local government services such as schools, police, and infrastructure. Calculating property taxes can appear complex, but with the right information, it can be done accurately and efficiently. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to calculate property taxes in Texas:

Step 1: Determine the Appraised Value of Your Property
The first step is to determine the appraised value of your property. This value is determined by the local county appraisal district and is based on various factors such as the size, location, and condition of your property. The appraisal district will send you a notice of appraised value each year, usually in the spring.

Step 2: Apply Any Exemptions
Texas offers various property tax exemptions that can help reduce your tax liability. Common exemptions include the homestead exemption, which provides a reduction in the appraised value of your primary residence, and exemptions for disabled veterans and seniors. To apply for exemptions, you will need to submit the necessary forms to your local appraisal district.

Step 3: Determine the Tax Rate
The tax rate is set by local taxing entities such as counties, cities, school districts, and special districts. Each entity determines its tax rate based on its budgetary needs. The tax rate is expressed as a percentage of the appraised value of your property. You can find the tax rates for your area on the websites of the respective taxing entities.

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Step 4: Calculate the Taxable Value
To calculate the taxable value, subtract any applicable exemptions from the appraised value of your property. For example, if your property is appraised at $200,000 and you have a homestead exemption of $25,000, the taxable value would be $175,000.

Step 5: Multiply the Taxable Value by the Tax Rate
To find the amount of property taxes owed, multiply the taxable value by the tax rate. For instance, if the tax rate is 2.5%, the property taxes would amount to $4,375 ($175,000 x 0.025).


1. When are property taxes due in Texas?
Property taxes are due by January 31st of the following year. However, most counties offer the option to pay in installments, with the first installment due by November 30th and the second by June 30th of the following year.

2. Can I protest my property taxes in Texas?
Yes, you can protest your property taxes if you believe the appraised value is too high. You can file a protest with the local appraisal review board and present evidence to support your case.

3. How often are properties appraised in Texas?
Properties in Texas are appraised annually by the local county appraisal districts.

4. Are there any penalties for late property tax payments?
Yes, if property taxes are not paid by the due date, penalties and interest may be assessed. The penalties vary but are generally a percentage of the unpaid taxes.

5. Do property tax rates vary across Texas?
Yes, property tax rates can vary significantly across different counties, cities, and special districts in Texas.

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6. Can property tax rates change from year to year?
Yes, property tax rates can change from year to year based on the budgetary needs of the local taxing entities.

7. Are there any additional exemptions available in Texas?
In addition to the common exemptions, there may be additional exemptions available for veterans, disabled individuals, and surviving spouses. Contact your local appraisal district for more information.

8. Can I appeal the appraisal district’s determination of my property value?
Yes, if you disagree with the appraisal district’s determination of your property value, you can file an appeal with the appraisal review board and present evidence to support your case.

In conclusion, calculating property taxes in Texas involves determining the appraised value, applying exemptions, determining the tax rate, calculating the taxable value, and multiplying it by the tax rate. It is essential to understand the local regulations, deadlines, and available exemptions to ensure accurate and timely payment of property taxes.

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