UTMA (Uniform Transfers to Minors Act) accounts are a popular choice for parents and guardians who wish to save money for their children’s future. However, when it comes to taxes, it’s important to understand who is responsible for paying them on UTMA accounts. In this article, we will discuss who pays taxes on UTMA accounts and address some frequently asked questions related to this topic.

Who pays taxes on UTMA accounts?
The custodian of the UTMA account is typically responsible for paying taxes on the account. This means that the parent or guardian who established the account and manages the investments is the one who will report the earnings and pay any applicable taxes.


1. Do I need to report the UTMA account on my taxes?
Yes, the custodian must report the earnings and gains from the UTMA account on their tax return.

2. What taxes are applicable to UTMA accounts?
The income generated by UTMA accounts is subject to federal income tax, and depending on the state, it may also be subject to state income tax.

3. Are there any tax advantages to UTMA accounts?
Yes, UTMA accounts offer potential tax advantages. Since the account is in the child’s name, they may be subject to a lower tax rate or even qualify for certain tax credits or deductions.

4. Can the child be held responsible for paying taxes on the UTMA account?
No, as the custodian, you are responsible for paying the taxes on the UTMA account. The child is not responsible for reporting or paying taxes on the account.

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5. Are there any tax-exempt investments available for UTMA accounts?
No, UTMA accounts do not have access to tax-exempt investments like IRAs or 529 plans. The income generated by the UTMA account is generally taxable.

6. Can I gift money to the UTMA account without incurring taxes?
The IRS allows individuals to gift up to a certain amount (currently $15,000 in 2021) per year to each recipient without incurring gift taxes. However, if you exceed the annual gift limit, you may need to file a gift tax return.

7. Can I transfer assets from my UTMA account to my child’s name without incurring taxes?
Yes, you can transfer assets from your UTMA account to your child’s name without incurring taxes. This is one of the advantages of UTMA accounts – they allow for a smooth transfer of assets to minors.

8. Can I deduct contributions made to a UTMA account on my tax return?
No, contributions made to a UTMA account are not tax-deductible. Unlike certain retirement accounts, contributions to UTMA accounts are made with after-tax dollars.

In summary, the custodian of a UTMA account is responsible for reporting the earnings and paying taxes on the account. The child named as the beneficiary is not responsible for taxes, and the income generated by the account is subject to federal and potentially state income tax. Understanding the tax implications of UTMA accounts is crucial for proper financial planning and ensuring compliance with tax regulations.

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